properties of rapeseed oil
As part of the rape seed has 35-50% fat, 5.7% fat and 18-31% protein, which is well balanced in amino acids.This plant for fat and protein and superior soy alternatively somewhat sunflower and mustard.
Currently, the market is full of edible fats, and therefore attempts to non-food use of rapeseed.Today, from plant sources are trying to produce fuel oil, which is necessary, for example, the northern regions.For these purposes, you can use canola oil.In addition, it may become useful for fueling vehicles.It is not toxic and therefore can completely replace gasoline.
Rape is also used as a forage crop.It is used on green forage and silage and grass meal in combination with other plants, and in pure form.This plant belongs to the culture and grazing livestock (pigs, sheep and so on. N.).Rape is growing rapidly, and contains a large amount of protein in the composition of which has sulfur.On canola specially produce grazing sheep, t. To. It helps to reduce the incidence of s
After processing, rapeseed oil is obtained with a large high-grade protein.The protein of the plant is close to a protein, soy, butter, milk and eggs.
Rapeseed oil is renowned for its quality and because there is a demand for it worldwide.On the world market this oil among the five oils in terms of imports and exports, ranking fourth.It is second only to the palm, soybean and sunflower oils.
Today annual plant rapeseed cultivation in different countries, primarily as oilseeds.The resulting canola rapeseed oil is used in food in most countries.
rape in its composition includes a huge amount of unsaturated fatty acids, which are important in the regulation of fat metabolism.This causes the therapeutic properties of the oil.Thus, canola oil helps reduce cholesterol levels and prevent the possibility of thrombosis and other diseases.These acids rarely occur in the animal fats.Doctors say that the composition of rapeseed oil are substances that are resistant to radiation.
Owing to its erucic acid rapeseed oil, it is widely used in various industries (in metallurgy for hardening steel and t. D.).In addition, the oil recycled from rapeseed, low temperature resistance, and therefore can be used as a lubricant in jet engines.
Canola oil can be used as raw material for the elastic material because of its ability at 160-250 ° C to form and attach sulfur factice - rubbery mass.For the production of cellulose / furfural suitable plants and straw wing pods.Canola oil is also used in the textile, chemical, leather, printing, soap, cosmetics and paint industries.
Rape seeds are famous for their peculiar chemical composition, because it differs from that of other oil-yielding plants.The main difference rapeseed oil - the content of erucic acid glycerides and phospholipids, and the presence of glycosides, which contain sulfur in the protein part of the seeds.In addition, as part of the enzyme myrosinase has a rape, which is able to cleave tioglyukozidy.
erucic acid in the annuals of 42-52%.Her presence in the seeds of oilseed rape can be considered as positive or negative feature of the plant.It all depends on the purpose of use - food or technical.
There is evidence that erucic acid may have a negative impact on the human body and, above all, on lipid metabolism in some internal organs.When feeding canola oil animals and birds, they have a necrotic changes in the myocardium, renal dysfunction, liver disease.Thioglycosides oils can cause irritation of the digestive system, the respiratory tract, upset the normal functioning of the thyroid gland.Additionally, thioglycosides cause equipment corrosion.