diathesis should not be regarded as a disease, but rather borderline, so to speak, a predisposition to the disease.Diathesis is most common in children between the ages of six months and up to three years.This occurs iz-za immaturity of the gastrointestinal tract and immune system.What are the signs of diathesis: it's bright red spots on schёchkah which shelled heavily, and later may be covered by a crust, yet it is often accompanied by symptoms such as a violation of a chair, cough and sore throat, allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis.
Scientists around the world are still arguing about the nature and causes of diathesis causing it, even though all agree on one thing that diathesis is easier to prevent than to treat.The main preventive measure is prudent and timely introduction of complementary foods into the diet of infants, high-quality and balanced diet older kids.
Let's decide what to do, was to diathesis in children as quickly as possible.
1. Diet - one of the basic and effective, which is sh
In addition, a diathesis is often a large amount of food consumed, although already started a mechanism can be maintained and even exacerbated meager dose of allergen.Therefore, the diet should be a rigorous and consistent.That's what all go into the child's social circle should act in the same way.
2. Diary. make it easier to monitor all consumed baby food allergists and nutritionists recommend to keep a diary in which every day bring all that eating and drinking your child than smeared and wash your child than washed his clothes (because in addition to food allergens can be householdsuch as soaps, lotions, powder).In addition, it describe all the changes that occur with the skin, the child's overall health, the quality of the chair.
3. expert supervision. Usually doctors, along with diet prescribed drug treatment: adsorbents, antihistamines (to relieve itching), as well as drugs that restore intestinal flora (since a diathesis is often accompanied by intestinal dysbiosis).If diathesis persists, please consult your allergist or immunologist.Because in some cases, cause diathesis may be some protozoan parasites, but rather their metabolic products.
4. Health. necessary to maintain cleanliness in the room where the child is (obligatory wet cleaning once a week), to replace the existing feather pillows and blankets sinteponovye, do not just start a pet, remove sources of dust (carpets, books, and so on. N).
5. Care. It includes bathing, lotions, lubricate the affected areas with ointments and creams.There are two types of diathesis, dry and weeping.Dry usually occurs in the peeling of the skin, and weeping - this is when the affected areas of skin appear blisters that burst and form moist areas that are very itchy.But we must bear in mind that in some forms of weeping diathesis water treatments are contraindicated.
to swim better use indifferent soap (lanolin, baby) or slightly alkaline soaps or shampoos quality that do not contain artificial colors, fragrances and preservatives.
Some experts have to offer traditional medicine - Children swimming in broth succession, a decoction of wheat bran or bay leaf, oak bark, chamomile teas.But we should remember that any grass in the child may appear allergic reaction.
6. Psychological assistance. Usually worsening diathesis accompany different types of depression (due to the constant itching, disturbed sleep, the child is nervous and angry) with whom the child can not cope alone, in these difficult moments for him to have to come to the aid of friends and relatives, as wellif it is not necessary to the specialist and a psychologist.
This basic tips that will help answer the question of what to do, was to diathesis in children.Usually not started cases and in strict compliance with all recommendations of experts diathesis goes to 3-5 years, together with the improvement of the functioning of the digestive system and the immune system.Parents need to keep in mind that children with diathesis, are more susceptible to colds, so you need time to carry out a set of preventive measures.