Children // Psychology and development

Puberty girls health

puberty (or puberty) is a period of development, during which the body's physical changes occur that lead to sexual maturation and the emergence of the capacity for sexual activity and reproduction.Puberty is also accompanied by psychological changes in which the adolescent mind is transformed from child to adult.The process of enabling people to become independent members of society is a product of the impact of both biological and social factors.Laying the foundations of personal identity - an important step towards becoming a normal, happy adults.It includes the definition of who is a human being, what are the values ​​and the way he chooses to follow them in life.Teens can carry identity crisis - a temporary period of uncertainty and depression when they are experimenting with various options before its final set goals and determine the value.They begin to question things that were previously implicitly perceived as truth.

Intellectual Development

in puberty develops the ability to think abstra

ctly, which opens up new fields of knowledge.Teens learn to assimilate complex scientific principles to detect the hidden meaning of poetry and more sophisticated language use.New intellectual abilities make them more reasoned judgments, but also more idealistic and critical, which inevitably leads to conflict with adults.

importance of peer groups

peer groups for teenagers - an important social structure.Such a group can be a source of support and friendly adventure and provide samples for which a teenager can be.To avoid rejection, many teens in an effort to meet the standards of the group go to extremes.They can radically change the manner of dress, attitudes and behavior.When a group of peers has a vision and values ​​that differ from those in the family, it can cause conflicts.

Changing attitudes

Puberty - the time when the teenager is not looking at their parents through rose-colored glasses and begins to perceive them as ordinary people.Family relationships do not protect the teenager from the mood swings associated simultaneously with the change in hormone levels and social protection.Conflicts can also arise due to the need to rebuild the nature of family relations, as a teenager tends to be perceived as an adult.Young people from the industrial society - as opposed to the non-industrialized societies - are economically dependent on their parents for a long time after puberty.Sociologists argue that the modern replacement for the physical care of the family is a psychological distancing, which is observed today.

Gender roles

Early adolescence is a time of exaggerated gender stereotypes - its influence here and have a biological, social, and intellectual factors.Puberty increases the perception of sex differences, forcing teens to spend more time thinking about ourselves from a gender perspective and to be more sensitive to the opinions of others.During this period, parents can encourage acceptable gender behavior.In the past, girls who were not previously informed of the impending onset of menstruation, to perceive what is happening as a shock and cause for concern.However, today's parents are more tolerant to discuss sexual topics with their daughters, making unexpected menarche rare.Girls are particularly well adapted when the discussions involved the father, creating a family atmosphere of trust and acceptability of talk about the physical and sexual problems.In contrast, boys receive much less support in the physical changes associated with puberty.Rather, they tend to get information, such as an ejaculation from books or from friends than from their own parents.Ultimately, while almost all the girls usually talk with friends or parents that they have already begun monthly, much less the boys say to someone that they are sexually mature.

Sex and relationships

Hormonal changes lead to increased sexual desire, both boys and girls alike.Sex hormones in the blood penetrate the blood-brain barrier into the brain and bind to receptors, triggering sexual arousal.Opposite Sex becomes an object of neglect as a child in the coveted charming creatures.Teens are becoming more attentive to their own appearance and start experimenting with the physical and emotional relationship.First date, except for fun and enjoyment, give lessons interaction, etiquette and the ability to communicate with people in different situations.On the other hand, it can lead to unwanted pregnancies and the first disappointment in love, with the inevitable in this case experiences.For 3-6% of teenagers who discover they are homosexual, growing up can be of particular difficulty in terms of the formation of a positive sexual identity.

Psychiatric disorders

such as eating disorders, depression, suicide and criminal activity in adolescence are more frequent than in childhood, but this level is supposed to be comparable to that in adults.Among adolescents Depression occurs twice as often than boys, due to unjustified expectations about their appearance.Puberty experienced by girls in their early teens, promotes passivity and addictive behavior, as a result could lead to anxiety and helplessness when confronted with stress and difficulties.More frequent are experimenting with drugs.For some teens drug represents an element of courage and risk, while others are seeking the approval of the drug by peers.Puberty - a difficult period, it is years of conflict and stress.First of all, the time when the teenager faces a sexual relationship and choices concerning their future.This is also the time when a person is made sense of his own "I".

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