After the first sweetener (saccharin) was invented by accident in 1879, his first wave of "pop" came only in the First World War, when producing conventional sugar is not enough.Now our attention provided by a variety of types of sweeteners, both natural and synthetic.For natural sweeteners include: sorbitol, xylitol, stevia, fructose.Their structure is similar to sugar, they contain calories absorbed by the body, and give us energy.Synthetic sweeteners include saccharin, aspartame, cyclamate, acesulfame potassium and sukrazit.These sweeteners are not digested by the body, the energy values are not, and have a lot of side effects with excessive use of them.So before you decide to replace and sugar in their diet sweetener to the need to thoroughly understand all this "sweet variety."
most natural of sweeteners is fructose - it is found in all fruits, berries, flower nectar, honey, sweeter than sucrose in 1.7 times, and still contains a third fewer calories.It can be used in baking, in the procurement
This sweetener is xylitol, so loved by manufacturers of chewing gum, and some toothpastes, is produced from corn stalks and husks of cotton seeds.Calories and it is equal to the total sweetness of regular sugar, but in large doses is able to prove himself as a strong laxative.
Stevia, the natural sweetener, is not only 25 times sweeter than his, but also very healthy.It can be easily added to any dish, which is usually put sugar - tea, coffee, yogurt, pastries.It is not only absolutely non-toxic, but with prolonged use reduces the level of glucose in the blood, a positive effect on the pancreas and liver, helps in the elimination of allergic diathesis in children, improves sleep, increases the capacity of man - both physical and mental.
latest in a series of natural sweeteners are sorbitol, which is so much in apples, apricots, and mountain ash.But below its taste sugar three times though caloric calorie sugar exceeds 53% (in contrast to other sugar substitutes), though it is also used as a preservative juices and soft drinks, and is recommended for use in nutrition of diabetics.When using sorbitol in the body reduces the consumption of vitamins, improves the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract.In the case of overdose sorbitol observed indigestion, bloating, nausea.
In general, as you can see, even natural sweeteners have their own side effects.What is the situation with their counterparts artificial?
Saccharin, the first among sweeteners, sweeter than sugar more than 300 times, and still not completely absorbed by the body.According to some experts it contains carcinogens, which can lead to an exacerbation of cholelithiasis.It is not recommended to drink on an empty stomach, without receiving uglevodosoderzhaschih products and in excess of 0.2 g per day.
Aspartame, much-loved manufacturers of all kinds of drinks series "Light" and confectionery products, and is thus among the most dangerous sweeteners.After all, when heated to 30 degrees all it starts to decompose on the whole chain of substances, which closes the carcinogenic formaldehyde.At night you can take no more than 3,5g.
Another artificial sweetener - cyclamate, it is officially banned in the EU and the US, but fairly widespread in Russia (not the least role in this is its cheapness).Cyclamate dissolves readily in water, it is 30-50 times sweeter than sugar, and believed to cause renal failure.At night you can take no more than 0,8g.
Sukrazit, although an artificial sweetener, but is derived from sucrose, it does not participate in carbohydrate metabolism, does not affect blood sugar level.With his hand possible allergic skin reactions.The day may be receiving no more than 0,7g.
And finally, sweetener such as acesulfame potassium, as well as other artificial sweeteners, not digested, quickly derived therefrom, is 200 times sweeter than sugar.However, he categorically not recommended for pregnant women, breast-feeding and children.It is poorly soluble, and violates the cardiovascular system.His safe dose - not more than 1 g per day.
sweeteners and sugar substitutes - harm or benefit?As if we did not try to control what we eat every day, but in our diets in varying degrees, there are all of these sweeteners, coming to us in finished products.Each of them has some positive aspects, but not in a negative sample more.So, if you decide to look after their health, their figures, and limit yourself in the sweet by replacing sugar sweeteners - do not do it.Far better for your figure and your health will go to quite natural sweetness in the form of fruits, dried fruits and berries.Do not "fool" your body, take care of him - and he will answer you great shape and health.