Children // Child health

Salmonellosis in infants

According to statistics, among children's most common infectious diseases after SARS are acute intestinal infections, and including - Salmonella.The body of the child of Salmonella bacteria from penetrating through the mouth, and then pass into the stomach.When the bacteria come in adult humans, they usually die in gastric juice.But children, especially very young and weakened, harmful bacteria pass into the small intestine.There they breed and then released into the bloodstream.When the bacteria are killed, the isolated toxin, due to which the body begins to lose water and salt.

The disease

Salmonellosis develops gradually, and at each stage has its own characteristic features.As a rule, first child becomes sluggish, it lost interest in favorite toys, and any sound is a concern.The kid eats without appetite or even refuses to eat.Temperatures in the early days of the disease often remains normal, but the crumbs may vomit, he began increasingly to go to the toilet (5-6 times per day).Over time, the

child's condition is getting worse and worse, the temperature rises to 38 degrees or even higher, the chair becomes thin, watery, with a greenish tinge.The child goes to the bathroom more than 10 times per day, in the stool may appear mucus, sometimes - streaks of blood.Be especially careful if you have crumbs, dry mouth, and he feels an unquenchable thirst - it can be the beginning of dehydration.It develops due to the fact that during diarrhea and vomiting, the child's body loses a lot of water and salts.In infants, especially newborn or weakened, the disease can last for a long time - several weeks, and sometimes months.In addition, children with a poor immune salmonellosis proceeds in very severe, high temperature, and complications.But in any case, after a while the child's illness can still concerned about the problems with the intestines and digestion, and the children prone to allergic reactions, may increase allergic to certain food (usually milk protein).Also periodically crumbs would disturb pain and swelling in the abdomen, frequent regurgitation, as chair for a long time remained "unstable" (so-called alternating constipation and diarrhea).

in our country are engaged in the prevention of salmonellosis, veterinary and sanitary-epidemiological services - they check the quality of the products marketed.But as you know, it is impossible to keep track of everything.So the best way to prevent the disease - is to ensure your child a healthy lifestyle, strengthen the growing body of vitamins and minerals.At observance of simple rules, you can protect the child from salmonellosis.

  • Buy food only in shops that you trust.Avoid buying eggs and meat on natural markets.
  • Do not hesitate to ask the vendors to present documents confirming the quality and safety of products.
  • not offer baby omelettes and scrambled eggs, and even more so - raw eggs.Do not give the baby to drink unboiled milk and fresh water from the tap.
  • Observe the storage of products in the domestic refrigerator, do not hold the meat and eggs near the food that you eat without heat treatment.
  • observe basic rules of hygiene.It is important to observe cleanliness in the house, carefully handle all surface disinfectants.
  • Protect your baby from contact with "unfamiliar" animal, and monitor the health of your pet.
  • Keep the crumbs nipple and toys, as well as various items of care - sterilize them as often as possible.And do not forget to wash hands thoroughly before intercourse with infants.

Now we know how much can be dangerous salmonella infection in infants.