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Houseplants: gloxinia

Plants axillary flowers have long legs.Corolla large goblet like bells, they swept a distinct five-blade limb, shed their wide.Calyx rounded, tubular with 5 slices.The genus Sinning 20 species of plants.They are common in the tropics of South America, as a rule in areas of Brazil.

Some classifications distinguish itself gloxinia, as a kind of close to the plants of the genus Sinning.There is no gloxinia tubers.These plants can be seen much less frequently than Sinning.The genus of this plant only six species.Ornamental species common in the American South in the tropics.In cultivated form is known only species that carries the name G. Perennis .

Classification: Problems

in Brazil has been found previously unknown plant.At the bottom it was scaly rhizome, and the flower looked like a bell.That was in 1785.This plant was the first of a new kind.It was called Gloxinia speckled.This plant has received the name in honor of the naturalist Strasbourg gloxinia BP

In the early years of the 20th centur

y brought from the tropics of America plant, which was similar to the genus gloxinia, but it differs in that it had a tuber.But the form of the flower and its structure was similar in plants, which provided a basis to refer them to a common genus.This type of call gloxinia beautiful.It was from her as a result of long breeding development were obtained dozens of varieties today gloxinia, to which we are so accustomed to our windowsills.They have amazing color and shape of flowers.The size of the representatives of the beautiful new variety gloxinia increased almost 3-fold when compared with the flowers of the parent form.

But without confusion botanists did not pass.In 1925 he described another kind of plant, which belongs to the family, which include gloxinia - to Gesneriaceae.In Sinning hallmark was Tubers also it differed and the structure of the flower.The new genus was named after W. Sinning, who was a gardener at the Botanical Garden at the University of Bonn.

Later botanists still thought it would be fairly attributed to the genus Gloxinia beautiful plants Sinning, because it specifies all characteristics and Botanical laws.But by this time gloxinia for many gardeners and lovers of indoor plants have time to know and love, and the old name "gloxinia" fairly well established for the plant.In German, the word translated as Glocke "bell", and at the gloxinia flowers resemble bells, so the fans it was difficult to challenge the correctness of the names of plants of the genus gloxinia.

In the literature the plant called gloxinia gloxinia a hybrid or beautiful, however, their birthright belongs to the genus siningii beautiful.That's right - siningiey beautiful - everyone knows a beautiful called gloxinia only in botanical references.

gloxinia Plants: Care

These indoor plants love light, but that he was distracted.It is better to put the pots with them to the eastern or western window.On the southern side put plants away from windows to avoid direct light from the sun.Only in February and May days of the plant can be kept in the open light.

Gloxinia - plants that like the warmth.They do not tolerate changes in temperature and drafts.Plants respond well to the temperature uniformity.At night, it should be a temperature of about 18 degrees, and a day - about 22. When a period of dormancy, the plants need a temperature of 10 or 14 degrees.

when the growing season begins, they should be watered abundantly water, which has had time to settle.Repeated watering should be carried out when the dry upper layers of the earth.Of water depends on the temperature of plant growth and development.In the winter months it should be warm (about 22 degrees), at this time it is not necessary to spray gloxinia.When there is a period of rest, water the plants rarely need.

During the growing season gloxinia (Sinning) need high humidity, it is hard to tolerate the ingress of water on the flowers and leaves.That is why the air from a nebulizer sprinkled around the plant itself.You can put the pot on the wet pebbles or expanded clay.The bottom should not get to the water.

When the plants reach the age of four, they can bloom profusely and continuously: around the month of May and September days.During this time the plant produces hundreds of beautiful flowers, often in one and the same time to 15 flowers bloom.To this period lasted longer, it is necessary to cut off the faded flower stalk.

have Sinning pronounced period of rest.Once the plant is withered, it should be watered less.When the leaves wither, the tubers are left untouched in the ground, and the temperature in the autumn and winter should not rise by more than 14 degrees.Sometimes it is necessary to inspect the tubers of plants.If they are heavily wrinkled, they should be watered, but not often.If the plant is planned to be put in the room, the first sign of readiness for planting is the appearance of buds on the tubers.From January to the month of February it is necessary to dig the tubers to plant again and, after cleaning, a fresh prepared ground.Pots should be approximately 13 centimeters.To deepen the tubers is necessary so that the kidneys were covered by a centimeter of land, which should include a ground sheet, peat - on the part pesok- less than half.After planting, water the ground, put on the light, the temperature should be about 20 degrees.

The size depends on the number of tubers sprouting shoots.At room conditions is better to leave a few shoots or one, the most developed.Feed the plant must begin with the first days of April.Fertilizing is carried out until August.Fertilizers must contain potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen bit.You can water the plants and organic matter, such as diluted infusion of water and mullein.But nitrogen can lead to the formation of small flowers and leaves ugly, it is not good for ornamental plants.

Sinning (gloxinia) can be propagated by seed and leaf cuttings.Sinning is propagated only through the tubers.The plant is susceptible to defeat spider mites, whitefly and scale insects.Often the plant is suffering from the onslaught of mealybug.