Health // Proper nutrition

Therapeutic nutrition in liver disease

liver is involved in the metabolism of protein and almost half of the protein synthesized per day, produced in the liver.Vital processes associated with protein synthesis in liver protein deficient in the human diet, which reduces the resistance to poisons, damaged structure of the liver, adipose, and gradually develops proteinosis body.

human consumption of valuable protein in the amount -100 -120, at the introduction of a sufficient amount of fat - increases of 80 -100 calorie diet, improves the taste of food and satiety.In recent years, it proved particularly important vegetable oils in the diet of patients.The composition of vegetable oils include fatty acids, which are not only necessary for the normal functioning of the body, but also a beneficial effect on cholesterol metabolism.Fatty acids activate the enzymes of the liver and thus prevent the development of steatosis.Moreover, plant oils possess choleretic effect.Alternative diets enriched with vegetable oils (up to 50% of the total fat) s

hould be recommended in diseases of the liver and gall bladder, which occur with severe stagnation of bile: it is a chronic cholecystitis and the state after the removal of the gall bladder, liver disease with nutritional attributes of fatty infiltrationwithout indigestion.In patients with cirrhosis, and in the period of acute hepatitis with severe jaundice, the amount of fat is reduced to 50-70

period of sharp restriction of fats in the diet should not be prolonged.Fats like proteins, limit, or eliminate or between a developing threatening coma.

number of carbohydrates in the diet should meet the normal physiological range (400-450 g), the content of simple sugars should not exceed 50-100, the

proven adverse effect of increased amounts of table sugar on the function of bile flow.The use of sugar in excess has a direct connection with the stagnation of bile and ultimately the development of gallstones.

building tactics diet for patients with acute hepatitis B is based on the need to ensure the body's proteins, fats and carbohydrates in accordance with the general principles set out already supply patients with liver disease.

Diet appointed since diagnosis and observed in all periods of the disease.The clinical picture of acute hepatitis very large place is dyspeptic syndrome, it is observed in 50-70% of cases.

organs of the digestive tract - the stomach, duodenum, pancreas, intestine, gall bladder are also involved in the pathological process, so when building diet apply the principle of mechanical and chemical schazheniya these bodies.It also requires the need to create the maximum rest for the liver.Therefore, in acute hepatitis of any etiology prescribed diet number 5a.This diet is limited fat (70-80 g), while strongly expressed dyspepsia 50 g excluded cold dishes.Such a diet is appointed for 4-6 weeks.Going on a diet number 5 is carried out by improving the general condition of the patient, with the disappearance of jaundice, restore appetite, disappearance of dyspeptic symptoms, and comes back to normal size of the liver and spleen.

At full recovery and normalization of laboratory data to the patient can allow the transition to a common diet of a healthy person.

In chronic period, you need to eat in a strictly certain hours, avoid heavy meals at night.Avoid spices, sharp spices, smoked meats, alcoholic beverages, vegetables rich in essential oils.

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