Health // People's Councils

Completeness - an inherited or reason in our habits?

When around vinovatgen

More recently, British scientists have found that obesity and communication mezhdugenami not.Conducted many experiments where izuchalosvliyanie gene on appetite.As it turned out, those extra kilos in naspoyavlyayutsya from increased appetite.And he's appetite affects the genes mutate kotoryeinogda and this person constantly feels hungry.

Each of us has a gene that produces gormonleptin.This hormone sends a signal to our brain the occurrence of satiety.Posleetogo brain ceases to give signals that we are hungry.When the gene that produces leptin, changes occur, the signal to the brain perestaetpostupat, and people always eat, eat and eat.This is considered a disease that is easily detected by a blood test for hormones.Genetics uzhesumeli create an artificial "leptin".It is given to people with ozhireniemtochno just like insulin for diabetics.Positive results have: already natret day decreased appetite, and weight starts to decrease rapidly.

There are cases when people ar

e born without the hormone "leptin".But in a world of just 12 people.In Russia, no podobnogopatsienta not been registered.But while you can not say for sure that the so people do not have.After all, doctors might just have found the absence of hormone.

Obesity is influenced by other genes.For example, when a defect genaproopiomelanokortina people are overweight.This gene is responsible zaproizvodstvo entire group of genes, including those associated with chuvstvomappetita.Scientists have found that such a disease even have their vneshnieprimety: people suffering from this disease tend to have a bright red hair, pale skin, they get tired quickly.A total of 11 people registered worldwide spodobnym disease.

These forms of obesity as these two doctors nazyvayutmonogennymi.These forms arise only because of the failure of one particular gena.Na today scholars have identified as many as 11 forms monogogennogo obesity.Odnakostradayuschih people with similar problems is very small.So do not bittrevogu, if you have problems with excess weight.It is best to consult kvrachu that he helped to establish the cause of obesity and appointed pravilnoelechenie.

interesting fact that mnogogennye form ozhireniyanachinayut occur immediately after the child's first months of life.Already in godtakie kids are out of control appetite and weight.If excess vesnachinaet occur at the age of five or six years and older, the case is not vgenah that lead to weight gain.The reasons should be sought in the fullness drugihfaktorah.Today, scientists have identified 430 factors that affect naborvesa.

proved twins

Dr. Claude Bouchard was conducted very interesnoeissledovanie, which was attended by the twins.Select multiple pardobrovoltsev who were given food for a thousand calories a day more chemneobhodimo.The weight began to increase, not only in experimental, but also ihvtoroy pairs.All siblings are equally got better.But sopostavleniiraznyh pairs revealed that some twins gained weight significantly less than others.Thus, it turns out that the same increase kolichestvakalory food, low physical activity in different families led kraznoy weight gain.Then the subjects were put on a diet.Again rezultatbyl same, some dropped more than others.The conclusion from this was simple: those who are rapidly gaining weight and losing weight is worse, it is more prone to completeness.

What is "subject to"?For example, some people stanovyatsyapolnymi due to slow metabolism.Protsessovzalozhena metabolic rate in the body at the genetic level.There is another variant.Naprimer, from generation to generation can be transferred altered gene kotoryyotvetstvenny for producing a certain protein.And the same protein in svoyuochered, takes part in the creation of the food enzyme.Thus, fermentpoluchaetsya less active and as a result, the digestive system rabotaetne as necessary.

Blame gormongrelina

in our body has a special hormone ghrelin, kotoryyotvechaet for our appetite.Some people have elevated levels of this hormone ssamogo birth.These are the people most vulnerable to the completeness and takzherazlichnym defects of the insulin gene.The effect of each hormone proyavlyaetsyapo differently each of us, so we have a different body composition.Incidentally, the hormone ghrelin acts in stress in different ways.If a person is overweight, onbudet jam stress, and if slim - he has lost the appetite.Etozalozheno in us by nature.

But doctors claim that if you want to, you lose weight mozhno.Glavnoe - change lifestyle, diet and habits.A little hard rabotypomozhet you bring your weight back to normal, and the health of the loss of extra kilogrammskazhetsya well.

most harmful gene

assume that a person born with a mutated gene that influences weight gain.In the first case it will be powered zdorovoypischi and engage in physical activity, and the second - just estpolufabrikaty, fatty foods and lie on the couch watching TV.How to invent, in both cases, people recover to the same kolichestvokilogrammov?No!Because of different foods will increase the number of different "fat prosloykina sides."Even those people who are genetically predisposed to be overweight.

Thus, we can draw a simple conclusion: everything depends otnashih habits and the habits embodied in the family.

It is undeniable that there is a genetic predisposition kpolnote.But this does not mean that we are gaining weight because of it.Vsebudet depend only on ourselves - whether we are rapidly gaining weight iliostanemsya thin.If you are still in doubt and blame the genes in its lishnemvese, think: the relationship of heredity and obesity uchenymi.Pri set the number of overweight people in the world is constantly growing?It is growing.But then pochemuneskolko hundred years ago there was an epidemic of obesity?After the genes were so zhe.I one century, they simply would not have time to change dramatically.So you need to "dig deeper".We not change the genes, and our way of life.We became more estvrednoy food: fat, sweet, genetically modified foods, and takzheiskusstvenno grown.Also changed our way of life.We became bolshevremeni spend sitting at the TV and computer.Our work stalamalopodvizhnoy.We have no time for yourself, to sports, to walk and so on.Myzhivem in constant tension and stress, which can also provotsirovatpovyshenny appetite, and as a result, and the appearance of extra kilos.

So cute girl, do not blame the genes around.Vozmitesza yourself: eat right, engage in sports, lead a healthy lifestyle, less worry and fully enough sleep.Then you will not gain lishniekilogrammy and will always be in great shape.

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