Health // People's Councils

What to do when a tick bite?

must be remembered that the probability of getting tick-borne encephalitis, Lyme disease and other tick-borne infections, which are transmitted by ticks, depends mainly on the amount of infection that has penetrated through the bite of a tick.The earlier removed the parasite, the better.

best to remove ticks by using curved forceps or surgical clips, however, fit in this case and the other pair of tweezers.Tick ​​should be grasped as close to the proboscis, and then gently pull it must rotate in the direction of its axis in any direction.Basically, after a couple of turns of the tick is removed along with the entire proboscis.In case if you try to pull the tick, it is more likely to break.

To remove ticks, there are certain tools.These devices offer significant advantages over the clamp and tweezers for the simple reason that not squeeze the body of the tick and is excluded squeezing the contents mite into the wound, which greatly reduces the risk of infections, which are the carriers of ticks.

already proved themselves Uniclean Tick Twister (YUNIKLIN TWISTER TEC), which is a device to extract the tick.In the absence of handy tweezers or a special device, you can remove the tick using a thread.Strong thread to be tied in a knot as close to the proboscis of the tick, then removed the tick, it is very slow his swinging and pulling up.There shall be no sudden movements, as in this case, the tick just simply burst.

tick removal should be done very carefully, do not squeeze his body, as this may get into the wound contents mite with pathogens.It is also important not to break the tick during removal - the part that remains in the skin can cause inflammation and festering.It also must be considered that the isolation of the head of the tick can continue the process of infection for the reason that in the salivary glands and ducts in the parasite contained a significant number of tick-borne encephalitis viruses.

If the process of extracting the tick of his head looked up, sucking the place should be wiped with a bandage or a cotton swab moistened with alcohol beforehand, and then need to remove the head with a sterile needle.

In all of this it is not necessary to listen to anyone and used to extract the tick oily solutions.Oil can clog the breathing holes of the parasite, and he will die right into the skin.After the removal of the tick is treated skin with tincture of iodine or alcohol.Dressing is usually not required.

Even with short tick bites a risk of infection by various tick-borne infections.Mite acts as a source of numerous diseases, for this reason, after removal of the tick, it must be retained for the study of infection on.This is mainly done in the Infectious Diseases Hospital.

tick is placed in a small glass jar with a piece of cotton wool, which is slightly moistened with water.It is necessary to close the container cap or lid and store it in a cool place - can be refrigerated.For the diagnosis of microscopic mite need to deliver him alive to the laboratory.For PCR diagnostics are also parts of mites.However, the second method is not widespread even in big cities.

It should be understood that the presence of infection in the tick does not mean that people necessarily get sick.Analysis of the mite required for tranquility in the case of negative results for vigilance - with a positive result.

The surest way to determine the presence of the disease is passing anliz blood.Blood is not necessary to take immediately after a tick bite - the analysis will show nothing.No sooner than ten days, blood tests can be carried out on diseases such as tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme disease by PCR, 2 weeks after the bite - the presence of antibodies to the virus encephalitis, and 1 month - for the presence of antibodies to Borrelia.