school meals - one of the main issues troubling the parents throughout the school year.Incidentally, not only them.The Government of St. Petersburg and Moscow from September 2010 considerably increased the subsidies allocated for school meals.But it is not able to solve all the problems.By drawing up the proper nutritious diet requires a complete approach taking into account the peculiarities of the child's body.Learning school program requires children to the highest mental activity, so you need to listen to advice on proper nutrition for students.
little man who is attached to the knowledge, at the same time not only performs a complicated work, but also grows and develops, but for the whole child should receive correct and balanced diet.High mental activity unusual for first-graders, it is associated with high energy consumption.And associated with all intellectual work depends mainly on carbohydrates stored in the body, mainly glucose.Reducing the oxygen content and the blood glucose level is lower
Parents have the primary hope for a full breakfast - they themselves control the process and, accordingly, are absolutely sure that at least once a day their beloved chadushko ate properly.But not everyone knows what kind of breakfast is the most valuable for the students.Someone is trying to include in the breakfast the greatest amount of carbohydrates that are "responsible" for mental activity.Indeed, after a dense carbohydrate breakfast amount of glucose in the blood increases considerably, but if too much carbohydrate, over this, in 1.5-2 hours, the glucose content can be as sharply drop.
Therefore, physicians are encouraged to include breakfast in the so-called complex carbohydrates form.For example, in addition confectionery, jam and sweet tea, breakfast in school must include pasta, cereals, bakery products, fresh vegetables, fruits, especially apples.Other carbohydrates are better distributed on several stages throughout the school day: coffee, tea, coffee, chocolates, biscuits, cookies, fruit drinks provide a continuous supply of fresh baby portions of glucose in the blood, which will stimulate the mental activity of students.
next largest component of the food needed to meet the energy needs of the students - are fats.This accounts for about 25% of the total daily energy expenditure.
fats, in addition to use for energy purposes, are an essential element necessary for building cell membranes, hormones and pheromones, as they dissolve vitamins.Fats are the main building blocks of the human body.The main sources of protein in the diet of the child are some vegetables, eggs, fish, grains, nuts, beans and meat.Especially saturated fats need dairy products.Consequently, in school lunches should include sour cream, yogurt, milk.Animal proteins are particularly useful for the body of a young school, but it is not necessary to get involved in smoked food, sausages, sausages.The diet
student must also attend fiber - that is a mixture of slozhnoperevariemyh substances that are in the fruit, leaves and stems of plants.It is necessary for good digestion.Fiber in foods the child should be of the order of 15-20 grams.For what would have been a diet of fiber, you need to prepare food from crops as well as fruits and vegetables.
addition to the basic components of food in the diet of schoolchildren have to provide full and timely replenishment of the needs of the young organism in biological fiber, trace elements, vitamins.Schoolchildren due to the growth of the organism and high mental activity need micronutrient supplementation significantly increased.Little or no vitamins in the diet may lead to the child beriberi, which interferes with the growth process, reduced efficiency and memory impairment.A small amount of vitamins in the diet of a child can easily be eliminated taking special drugs, widely shown on drugstore shelves.
Water, though not the food, but is about sixty percent of the total body weight.School children should consume daily about half to two liters of water.The schools must be provided such that the children could meet the demand for water in the required quantity and at any time.
separate issue in the diet of schoolchildren is the use of food additives, such as colorants, stabilizers, mixers, antioxidants and preservatives.These substances are added to foods to impart the desired odor, taste and consistency.Many food additives used in recent years in connection with the progress of industrial technology ever objectionable because of the possibility of allergic reactions.But do not worry: the use of food additives is clearly defined, and before you get permission to use any of them, they are thoroughly tested among government agencies and competent medical institutions.Studies to date suggests that allergic reactions to food intake is extremely rare, and typically does not exceed the number of cases painful response to standard food.
If listen to advice on nutrition for school, your child will learn well and always in good spirits.Anyone working in the field of nutrition of schoolchildren, it is worth remembering that the nutrition of our children in the most crucial period of their formation and growth of the individual - is the main way to the nation's health.