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English Mastiff, breed description

nature and description of the breed

Mastiffs Monogamous.They combine qualities such as kindness and greatness, gentleness and fearlessness.Almost all the mastiffs have a pronounced instinct bodyguard, that is active in relation to the aggressor, especially in cases of attacks on the host.However, the functions of the security guard - is not the main purpose of mastiffs.They primarily companion dogs, and then the guard.The nature of many may seem like Mastiff - a terrible, huge, menacing animal.Some believe that dogs of this breed are very aggressive and ferocious.Of course, in the event of a hard upbringing in isolation, limited communication with people, mastiff may correspond to the above characteristics.

should be noted that military past this breed in the past.Mastiff is a modern peace-loving and kind dog who loves his master and his children.Thanks to their courage and steadfastness, English Mastiff is considered a reliable guard.It is majestic, confident, loyal - these features distinguish th

e English Mastiff on this day minded ancestors possessed violent temper.Mastiff is far from the hustle.

Remember that control the behavior of the dog, reaching one hundred kilos, it is not easy, so we need to pay attention to her rigorous training.

Terms and care

For normal power mastiff is necessary not so much the food as it may seem.A special diet, rich in vitamins and mineral supplements, needs Mastiff in puppyhood, he quickly grows and develops.However, do not let him grow fat.House Mastiff is almost imperceptible, despite its large size.In general, he prefers to lie at the feet of the owner of the carpet.He chistoploten;Mastiff puppies even during the change of teeth do not spoil anything in the apartment.

Mastiff believe homebody.He prefers long quiet walks.His hair requires care: regular comb it with a brush.

Dogs of this breed is unfortunately are not long-lived: their life expectancy is 9-10 years.

History of breed

wonderful breed Mastiff history back to ancient times.Due to its size, mastiff could not go unnoticed by chroniclers and writers of the ancient chronicles.The history of these dogs is full of the most amazing parts, often contradictory, fantastic and even mystical.Many facts from the history of this breed are collected in the book Wynn "History mastiff."From contemporary works that are different lighting serious issue, it is worth noting the book Elizabeth Baxter "History and content of the English mastiff" and Douglas Oliffa "Handbook mastiff and bullmastiff lover."The rest of the well-known books on the history of rock similar to Victorian literature and are the result of imagination and not a serious scientific work.

Species origin

long thought that the ancestors of the Mastiff were introduced by the Phoenicians.But it is difficult to imagine how this is possible under the then state of water transport, which can take advantage of the Phoenician merchants to reach Cornwall.The Phoenicians had primitive ships, more like a small catamarans and their trade route was "bound" to the shoreline.In connection with this trip to Britain would be for their ordeal, which lasted a few months.Moreover, it is doubtful that their small craft merchants could keep alive mastiffs as a commodity, because apart from the places they needed a lot of food.It is difficult to imagine how a dog can survive in such conditions.Dr. Bennett (UK) believes that such an experiment could be the forces of Thor Heyerdahl, however, he was not engaged.Another fact refuting the Phoenician theory is that really only one case, when a Phoenician named Himilk reached the coast of England.And most of all, that such a heavy trip, he went to the importation of breeding mastiffs ancestor future.

one version, most likely, is considered to be an assumption that the ancestors of the Mastiff came to England with the help of the Celts.This Indo-European people conquered the entire territory of Europe, moving from east to west in IV-III century BC.In the heyday of Celtic tribes they inhabited a vast territory encompassing modern France, Britain, Belgium, South Germany, Switzerland, North.- Rec.Spain, North.Italy, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, part of Poland and Ukraine.However, in the middle of the 1st century BC, the Celts were defeated by Rome.In Asia Minor in the V-III century BC.e.There was a Celtic nation.It is believed that from there with the nomadic tribes might spread descendants of heavy fighting dogs.Nomads are constantly changing places of deployment, some of them prefer to move to a sedentary life.In turn, this contributed to the formation of local groups, and then type guard and war dogs.Due to the fact that Britain is an island, there is insulation occurred dog population.In turn, this led to the formation there is a special type of fighting dog - English mastiff.

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