Houseplant Fatsa prefers a light place, but not the sun, is free to grow in a small shading (plants that have plain green leaves shade-tolerant than the variegated plants).It grows well near the eastern and western windows.Near the southern window need to pritenyat from the sun's direct rays.Near the north window zelenolistnye grow better form.Fats and grows well under artificial lighting.In the summer the plant can be taken out in the open fresh air, but on the condition shading from the sun.The optimum temperature
content Fatsa spring and summer - 18-22 degrees.In winter, the best Fats contain more cool room (about 10-15o, but not more than 15 °) with good lighting.During this period, the plant can grow in a room with normal room temperature.If winter Fats contained in a warm room, it is necessary to build an additional illumination using fluorescent lights.Variegated forms of winter should be kept at a temperature 16oS (not below).
summer abundant watering and defended soft water
If the plant Fats contained in a warm room, then watering is not necessary to cut, but only to pour the excess water from the tray after a couple of hours after watering, this time will be enough that the entire soil moistened.By watering should be taken seriously - to avoid drying out of the substrate and the stagnation of water in the pan.
Even single peresushka earth will cause the leaves begin to fall, and return them to the former position will be difficult (not even save much water).However, if this does happen, the leaves tied up in a horizontal position on the struts.Maybe in time, the plant will become the original characteristic shape.
Large leaves are good for regular spraying and pre-defended soft water to wiping with a soft damp cloth (a cloth may be replaced by a sponge).In summer the plant can be put under a warm shower and wash.In winter, depending on the room temperature reduced spraying.
In spring and autumn should be fed once every 7 days or organic fertilizers.With the onset of winter, when the plant is contained in cool conditions, feeding is stopped, and if warm conditions, the dressing is carried out once a month using a flower fertilizer.
formative pruning is necessary to produce, to which the plant is treated calmly.In order to form a branched shrub young plants should pinch the tops of the shoots.Fatskhedera Person of this kind, which requires constant pintcirovki and trim.
Transplant houseplant best time in three years in the early summer (or spring).Repot the plant in a pot, which is wider than ever.
have Fatsa sometimes formed several young Stalks at the same time, it happens because of hilar offspring.For the transplant can take a slightly acidic or neutral substrate (pH six or seven).The substrate may consist of equal proportions of leaf and turf ground, humus, sand and peat.You can take another earthen mixture, for example, two parts leaf mold, sand 0.5, 1 part peat, garden and turf ground.Good drainage is required at the bottom of the pot.Fatsa well growing hydroponically.
Fatsa - a plant that reproduces by air taps, apical cuttings, seeds.
Apical cuttings cuttings, usually in the spring.Cuttings best and will take root at temperature 22-26 degree in the wet mixture of sand and peat (1: 1).The handle must be some buds that are ready to begin to grow.After rooting cuttings should be covered or glass vessel, or polyethylene.As a cutting rooted, his dive in earthen mixture.Thus, the propagation of plants will be low, but densely leafy bush.
Reproduction fresh seeds.Seeds are sown in pots, boxes and the depth of one centimeter.Substrate take the following: in the same proportion, sand, leaf and turf ground.Keep the seedlings should be at 18 ° C (though it is the temperature and the air and substrate).Once the seedlings grow stronger, they dive to 1 seedling into a pot (9-11 cm).Seedlings dive in this part of the earth: for one share of sand and humus, 2 parts turf ground.After that, the young plants should be kept in a bright room.
If leafiness Expose plants trunk, it rejuvenates using air layering - spring make a shallow incision on the barrel, it is first wet muffle moss which is previously impregnated with a nutrient solution or a phytohormone (per liter of water per gram of complex fertilizer) and then polyethylene.Moss should moisturize as drying, ie moss should always be moist.A few months later at the incision seem roots.Two months after the formation of roots, tops and roots below the formation of roots should be cut off and put in a separate pot.The trunk, which was not necessary to throw away, even if there are no leaves.In this case, the trunk is cut substantially at the root, which can be extended to water and there is a chance that he will give the young shoots.
Precautions: parts of the plant contain toxic substances.
- Overdrying substrate leads to leaf topple, the formation of brown spots.
- Waterlogging substrate causes the leaves wilt and become soft.Prolonged waterlogging rot the roots.
- Low humidity is the cause of breakage of the leaf blade.
- intense sunlight, along with low humidity will result in shrinkage of the leaf blade.
- damages: spider mites, scale insects, mealybugs, whiteflies.