Types kind of - it's mostly epiphytic plants that have monopodial type of growth (ie, the usual form for many plants growing straight shoots, whose inflorescences arise from leaf axils), sometimes there litofitnye plants.
stalk of this species of plants shorter, succulent leaves pair in length occur from 5 cm to 1 meter.The thickness of the leaves depends on the place of growth, are thin and fleshy, the color varies from light green to dark green.
Peduncles formed in the axils of the leaves at the base of the stem, mostly long (but there are instances of short peduncle), often branching, number of colors and the size depends on the type of plant.The sight is also dependent flowering time.
roots houseplant phalaenopsis care, which is described below, has a flattened, round flat, the entire root system is covered by a thick layer of VELAM.The roots have a greenish color, since because of the chlorophyll content in velamene they are involved in photosynthesis.
Location. Phalaenopsis can grow well in the window, on the windowsill, on a shelf next to other orchids.By placing this type of plants should be noted that Phalaenopsis likes to stray glare, does not tolerate direct sunlight.A good place for cultivation will serve the east and the west window, but be sure to take care of pritenenii.A number of moving sunlight is acceptable, but the leaves should not be heated, otherwise phalaenopsis overheat or get a sunburn.In the shade of orchid can grow, but flowering will be poor.
Phalaenopsis - type of orchid, which has the ability to grow all year round, but in the presence of illumination by fluorescent lamps.
temperature. Phalaenopsis need mild temperatures content.The daytime temperature is twenty-two to thirty degrees (at least eighteen).Night temperature should not fall below 16oS.If the temperature is higher, the ventilation and humidity should be higher.If phalaenopsis resides in a low temperature, the plant stops growing, besides the plant more prone to rot.
Humidity. Humidity preferred to maintain 50-70%.Phalaenopsis young plants need a more humid weather than adult plants.
At low humidity inhibited the growth of new roots and shoots.To maintain humidity, pot Phalaenopsis can be put on the tray of wet pebbles or small wet expanded clay, the bottom of the pot should be above the water.Also permitted to use pallets humidifiers.If moisture should ensure good ventilation, otherwise, it will begin to appear rot and mold.
watering.Watering Phalaenopsis plants depends on the size, the type of substrate, the method of planting, with temperature maintenance.If the temperature is higher, the earthen room quickly dries up, then you need to be watered more often.Watering is preferable to a few minutes in the shower.Irrigation water should be close to 38 ° C.
After irrigation water sometimes in the axils of leaves do not dry, then after about an hour it should be wet cloth.If this is not done, the plant will begin to rot, which is especially dangerous to the core, because if the core rots, the growth stopped up.Nor should we tolerate stagnant water in a pot, so make sure that after watering the bottom of the pot does not accumulate water.
feeding. Feeding Phalaenopsis is done once a day throughout the year 14-21.Fertilizer is recommended to take especially for orchids.Fertilize Phalaenopsis must be strictly 30 minutes after watering.It is carefully selected ingredients of fertilizer;If the fertilizer includes substances that stimulate flowering, it is not necessary to use very young patients and plants as well as orchids, which have a total of 1-2 leaves.
methods of cultivation. Phalaenopsis - a plant that can be grown on the block, in baskets and pots.If it is a houseplant is grown in a pot, you should use the bark of conifers (you need to take a medium-sized).If Phalaenopsis is grown on the block, it should be remembered that after a while the plant grow back relatively long aerial roots.
transplant. repot the plant Phalaenopsis need about every 2 years, because after a while the crust begins to decompose, and air permeability of an earthen clod is reduced, so that the roots do not have enough air and they begin to die.Transplant needed and when fully occupied all the roots in a pot.A pick is made after the end of flowering.As a rule, the pot must be greater than the former, before the transplant is recommended to wet the roots of water from the water the roots will become pliable and will be easier to get out of the pot.At the same time we must act with caution, because the roots grow quickly enough to the pot.If the roots were pieces of bark, they can leave.The roots first dried for one hour and then proceed to the landing.
striking: mites, mealybugs.