Health // People's Councils

Eye problems, which we often do not pay attention

Asthenopia or "computer syndrome"
After how long you wear his long hours at the computer screen, it seems that in the eyes of a sudden was got a foreign body, or, at worst, sand.Other symptoms - redness, burning, stinging, tearing, fuzzy picture, and sometimes double vision.And they are usually worse in the evening.

play you this joke is able to not only your computer.For a long time watching TV, reading or driving at night you go - any prolonged visual work can cause unpleasant consequences.

What's next?
If symptoms occur often, you need to go to the doctor.He will appoint wetting drops, make regime of work and rest and talk about exercises for the eyes.The problem will not go away, if people do not streamline your lifestyle, no longer, for example, from morning till night to sit in front of the monitor.And if the start situation, it may develop myopia - even in the age of 20-30 and even with no predisposition.In any case, always take breaks in the visual work - every hour or every 40 m
inutes (as a change between classes).Do not be lazy to walk properly or perform a few simple physical exercises or pinning high hopes for the eyes.

Conjunctivitis Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye - conjunctiva.Untreated conjunctivitis able to go into a chronic form, in which the process may be involved in the cornea, which is dangerous reduction of up to complete its loss.This insidious disease, as we have already mentioned, can be of different types, all of them unpleasant.

Viral conjunctivitis
In adults, it is found more often.It is caused by different viruses, so that the symptoms can vary slightly.Among them - the redness, photophobia, lacrimation, drooping eyelids.As a rule, this type of conjunctivitis is very contagious.Starting in one eye, easy to spread to the other.

Bacterial conjunctivitis
And it is already provoking bacteria.In addition to a burning sensation and irritation, when it can cause discharge and the eyelids stick together in the morning.Plus - dryness of the eyes and the skin around.Like the previous subspecies, easily affects both eyes.

reason you're dealing with an infected citizen and do not observe the rules of hygiene.Often become infected by contact with bacterial type, droplet - viral.Lever both types can be transferred after a cold or flu, when a person has recovered and immunity is not yet recovered.

What's next?
without visiting a doctor can not do.He will appoint a comprehensive treatment: prescribe immunomodulating and antiviral or antibacterial drugs.Most likely, especially in the case of viral infection, the hospital will have to take, including not to infect others.Those who are "lucky" to live with the disease under one roof, prescribe prophylactic therapy.Naturally, the infection should use separate towels, pillows and other personal hygiene items.Viral conjunctivitis treated for a long time, the full recovery occurs only in the period from three weeks to two months.The duration of "infectious" period - 14 days.

Allergic conjunctivitis
arises from the reaction to the allergen.And it expresses, as expected, itching, swelling of the eyelids, watering, plus - a runny nose and breathing problems.

as allergies, your body can take pollen, foods, animal dander, dust, chemicals, and an infinite number of anything.Conjunctivitis can appear as a result of the use of new, unusual or alien makeup, such as mascara or eye cream, make-up after a visit or even try on clothes in a store (possible reaction to dye fabric).

What's next?
Treatment with antihistamines.Sometimes the doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory or rewetting drops.And, of course, it is important to understand exactly what caused the illness.

This acute purulent inflammation of the eyelash follicle or sebaceous gland near its bulb.On the edge of the century appears painful swelling, and later, after two to four days, - the head with pus (extrude which, incidentally, strongly recommend that the infection has penetrated further and deeper - the consequences may be terrible until meningitis).After a while, the "problem" will resolve, or will reveal itself.Sometimes, after the retreat of barley in the eye can knock chalazion.

Barley is a bacterial infection.In most cases the "enemies" fall into the eyes when we touch it with clean hands is not enough, more simply, a "mud."They "help" weakened, for example after suffering a cold or other viral disease, the immune system.If barley appears frequently, several times a year, it may be indicative of problems endocrine disorders or gastro-intestinal tract.

What's next?
favored by folk remedies - warming and wet compresses can backfire and lead to the spread of infection.We must, on the contrary, to try not to wet the skin around the barley and the effect of heat just is contraindicated.Doctor will prescribe the drug alcohol to lubricate the eyelid skin, plus drops and ointments, including antibacterial, perhaps even fortifying agents, such as vitamins.And, if necessary, send you to other specialists.

chronic inflammation as a result of blockage of the sebaceous glands century.First, the corresponding portion of red and slightly swollen, and later on this site forms a small rounded nodule.Unlike barley, such disease may develop long as two weeks, and usually causes no symptoms.In fact chalazion not such a terrible thing.Another question that he, like barley, can indicate the presence of problems in the body, the same gastrointestinal diseases or hormonal disorders.

sebaceous glands secrete oily secret - the substance to lubricate the cornea and moisturizing eyelids.If the duct becomes blocked, it accumulates in the gland, and she gradually turns into a rounded education, surrounded by a capsule.This can happen because the tumor tissue around the duct (happens with inflammation of the century), or when the secret becomes too thick (for example, due to violation of the hormonal balance).The impetus for the development of chalazion can become hypothermia, weakened immunity.

What's next?
of trouble in some cases can be removed without drugs: the doctor will tell you how to do self-massage century.If this does not help, in the thickening injected hormonal drug.When a shot and did not work, the nodule removed surgically.Independently push or scratch chalazion can not avoid complications.And in order to prevent its occurrence, it is necessary to always finish the cure of eye disease, care for strengthening the immune system and hygiene - use disposable handkerchiefs, only his towel and the list goes on.And remember that the diet and powerful food restrictions can earn not only the digestive tract disease, but a nasty piece - chalazion.

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