Children // Food

Complementary food, diet

What, how, when?
confident kid sitting on his chair, interested in the contents of your plate, and even tries to pull off a piece of it and send it in her mouth?Rather, it is time to meet the crumbs with new dishes.

Question Time
the old Soviet system, recommends giving babies apple juice since 3 months, your outlived.Today, many pediatricians criticized her unreasonably early introduction of additional products in the diet of infants.Up to six months (and often longer) the child is enough mother's milk.Even a bottle-sufficient milk mixture - it contains all the necessary for the growth and development of the baby items.Now it is accepted to begin the introduction of complementary foods at 6 months (for children who are breastfed) or 5 months (for kids, feeding milk formula).By this age are usually mature enzyme system, first tooth erupt, pipsqueak confident sitting and asked food from my mother's plate.In some cases (lack of weight gain, lack of iron or vitamin D, unstable chair), pediatricians r
ecommend to introduce solid foods from 4 months.

Question number
Familiarity with every new product should start with a minimum number of (usually enough to half a teaspoon).The child normally brings food?Hence, a portion can be increased.When unexplained fever, digestive disorders, skin irritation or redness, contact your doctor and stop at any time of introduction of complementary foods.

question quality
Kashi, vegetables, fruit purees and juices start to enter a one-component and hypoallergenic species.Strawberry and mango kids try again later.

Tips experienced moms
And some practical advice from experienced mothers.First, the lure is not better to give a bottle and a spoon - the child will get used to it.Second, start solid foods is best with vegetables or cereals.In six months, the taste preferences of the baby has not yet been formed, so that the train it to fresh squash after sweet pears will be difficult.Third, it is not necessary to begin complementary feeding, if the child is not feeling well or ill, as well as during and immediately after the planned preventive vaccination.
And most importantly, remember that there is, and can not be a single scheme of introduction of complementary foods.Here are all individually and depends on many factors, including the full-term infants, general state of the body, heredity and even taste preferences.However, all products can be divided into groups, each of which has its own recommendations.

Group number 1
milk and milk products

Adapted milk formula given to children, if necessary, from the first days after birth.But as for the other milk and dairy products, there are some limitations.Most pediatricians consider introduction of whole milk at an early age undesirable as it may lead to loss of iron in infants and anemia, creates an increased burden on the kidney.In addition, cow's milk protein - a strong allergen.
curds begin Come on baby 8 months, kefir - with 10-12 months, and whole milk until 12 months.Kefir-year-old toddler should drink no more than 200 grams per day, and curds to eat - no more than '50 Products such as butter, yogurt, cheese, sour cream, cream, it is not recommended for children under one and a half years.Please note that these products are dairy kitchen is not always granted in accordance with the terms of the introduction of complementary foods.Markings on the package, usually also ahead scheme recommended by doctors.The age at which introduced the products of this group: 8-10 months.Where to begin?With low-fat cottage cheese, yogurt, milk mixtures.Caution: whole milk should be given to the kid boiled, and all other products are introduced gradually, starting with a low-fat or low-fat, because your child's stomach is still not suited to serious digestion of animal fats.

Group number 2
Fruits and berries

berries and fruits in addition to vitamins contain fruit sugar and mineral salts, useful for the development of the organism.First fruits and berries give children pureed, then Grate if crumbs about 2 years - cut slices, removing seeds.When the baby teeth erupt, the fruit can be given in its entirety.Another important fact: the fruits and berries are best eaten raw, because under the influence of temperature in them lost a lot of vitamins.Fruits should rub on the plastic grater as in contact with the metal oxidation process starts.The age at which the products of this group are administered 6 months.Where to begin?With green apples, pears, bananas, raspberries, blueberries.
Caution: Not all fruits and berries are useful in large quantities.It is important to remember that apples can trigger flatulence, weak plum, pear cause constipation.Strawberries and strawberries - a strong allergen and cherries and currants in general is not recommended for children under two years old, as they are very poorly absorbed by the body increasing.

Group number 3

vegetables contain beneficial vitamins, minerals and fiber that promotes regular bowel movement.Therefore vegetables necessary for digestion not only the adults, but also children.Root vegetables are best administered with mashed potatoes or squash, followed by trying cauliflower and broccoli, and then - carrots and pumpkin.Boiled or baked vegetables are usually rubbed or puree of them can cook soup.It is important not just to add salt, spices and vegetable oil - it can cause digestive disorders or appearance of a food allergy.Olive or corn oil can start to enter a 9-10 months, but as a new product, carefully watching the reaction of the child.
Age, which introduced the products of this group: 6 months.Where to begin?With potatoes, zucchini, broccoli, cauliflower.
Caution: cucumbers often provoke diarrhea, and tomatoes (potential allergens, harmful to the joints) and tough root body of a child can not immediately take because this rough texture of food.

Group number 4
Kashi cereals and

start typing porridge best with dairy-free options when it comes to ready-made gruel of industrial production.Carefully read the composition: it should not be sugar, milk powder and other questionable components.The first solid foods are introduced into porridge, not containing gluten - a protein cereal that can cause serious digestive problems in some children.They are gluten-free rice, buckwheat and corn porridge.Glyutensoderzhaschie cereals - oats, wheat, semolina - you can offer your child only 8 months.The first porridge is diluted with water, or a mixture of their own breast milk.Kasha must be sufficiently fluid that it can give the child was not only from a spoon, but also from a bottle.The age at which the products of this group are introduced: 6-8 months.Where to begin?With rice, corn or buckwheat.
Caution: Do not start with the lure multizlakovyh cereals - in the case of allergies will be difficult to figure out what triggered her cereal.Do not mix different types of cereals at the beginning - it may affect the digestion crumbs.With precision introduced into the diet rice - away from babies often begin constipation.

Group number 5
Meat, poultry, eggs

These products are necessary for the full development of the child, because they contain a protein, fat, vitamins A, B12 and minerals.In meat products rich in iron, which is needed to prevent anemia.What is preferable - the meat bought in a store and cooked yourself, or children's meat sauce?Pediatricians usually recommend mashed potatoes, as it is guaranteed by a clear content of nutrients and preserves the quality of children's tight control.Another argument in favor of ready-made mashed potatoes - the convenience and ease of use, plus the actual time savings.The age at which introduced the products of this group: 7-12 months.Where to begin?With turkey, rabbit, lean beef, egg yolks.
Caution: child's stomach is not yet adapted to the digestion of heavy fat, so with fatty meats, especially pork and lamb, is to wait.Also, do not immediately give egg white, because it is an allergen.Do not start with mashed potatoes containing salt, sugar and spices.

Group number 6
Seafood, fish

Fish - an indispensable source of vitamin D and phosphorus, which are necessary to every growing organism.Seafood contain large amounts of iodine, which is very important for children growing up in the middle lane in the conditions of iodine deficiency.To start convenient to buy fish sauce for children: they too somehow just will not have any bones.Just do not give the baby fish more than 2 times a week, at least at first.After 3 years of seafood should be present in the diet of a baby all the time - it will significantly increase the immunity remains.The age at which the products of the group administered 11 months.Where to begin?With lean fish with white meat: cod, haddock, plaice.
Caution: iterate over the fish carefully and beware bones, fatty fish and seafood in the diet enter the baby until 2 years old.

Group number 7

sweet love all the kids - it's a fact.Should I put up with him?American pediatrician, author of several books and many children's father, William Sears says that babies up to 3 years old to eat properly, did not know what the cakes, bread and sweets, correct eating habits are formed.Subsequently, the children are much less likely to grow Slastenov.What kind of childhood without sweets?This question torments not just grandmothers, but many moms.Correct answer: "Very happy." The later pipsqueak know what sweet and flour, the easier life will be like mom and a healthy baby. It is too early and excessive consumption of sugar and cakes can lead to consequences such as obesity, diabetes,caries, food allergies, and even intolerance of a particular type of sugar - that's really when childhood really is defective Age, which introduced the products of this group: 3 years. Where to start? No matter, but a variety of sweets to help replace natural productssuch as honey, candied fruits, dried fruits and sweet fruits.
Caution: chocolate and other products containing cocoa, not only often cause severe allergies in children, but also a stimulant effect on the nervous system.

Group number 8
precooked andfast food
Beach XXI century - fast food and semi-finished products - the worst natural substitute products. Learning that is french fries and hot dogs with ketchup, any child they prefer homemade mashed potatoes and meatballs.But we can explain to him how bad fast food.
As innocuous at first glance, breakfast cereals and instant soups, then, no matter how convenient the products, to better prepare the crumbs favorite dishes with natural ingredients, semi-finished products using only the very last resort.The age at which products are introduced in this group: the later the child will get acquainted with them, the better.Where to begin?In general, do not start.
Caution: without exception, the products of this group are harmful and lead to obesity and overabundance of cholesterol.
many years, poor diet was the main cause of many childhood diseases.Nowadays, science and medicine have reached the level of development of total when mistakes can be avoided.Most importantly - do not listen to non-professional advisers - neighbors, grandparents, friends, and trusted good practitioners and proven literature.

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