August
12
16:40
Health // People's Councils

All of angina

Let us digress to detail to understand: what is the amygdala, and why we need them.


protection system


immunity, that is, the protective system of the body, is a loose concept.It is presented and cells and tissues, and even some specialized bodies.The fabric, which is crammed with protective cells and is called the adenoid.In the body, there are several places its focus.Throat - one of them.

maximum number of foreign material comes into our body through the nose and mouth - and then air and water, and food, and a lot more non-sterile.The most aggressive enemy of the best on the distant approaches to neutralize, not letting them inside.It serves this purpose a whole ring of special education in the throat, called almonds.

Tonsil in fact - "open" lymph node.On the basis of connective tissue rests the vanguard of the defense of the body in the form of one of the lymphoid tissue.Tonsils are many: a pair of palatine, lingual (on the tongue), pharyngeal (back of the throat), steam pipe tonsils

(at the entrance to the auditory tube in the back of the throat).All of this constellation is called the ring Pirogov-Valdeyera.

us, first of all, interested in tonsils, sometimes referred to colloquially "glands".Geographically, they are limited palatine arches - mucosal folds that run from the base of the tongue to the soft palate (hence the name).These almonds are the largest, it is their territory, and played a drama called "angina."

way, the amygdala in Latin sounds like tonsila, so it will be referred to an inflammation of "tonsillitis".That's the name of acute tonsillitis and sore throat in the lives of our ICD-10.


intruders


essence of acute tonsillitis is simple: the development of the inflammatory reaction in response to a hit on the tonsils pathogens.This may be bacteria, viruses, fungi, respectively, angina be bacterial, viral or fungal.

There are varieties of angina in malignant diseases of the blood, but in such a jungle, we do not climb, focus on infectious process.

Thus, among the bacteria most "popular" agents of tonsillitis are streptococci.Approximately 80-90% of acute streptococcal tonsillitis are nature.Less common cause of the disease can be staphylococci or pneumococci.Even more rarely, in the role of agent can act spirochetes, and then developing rather heavy Vincent's angina.

most interesting is that angina can be transmitted not only to the traditional airborne, but also through food, because the same milk or mashed potatoes - an ideal breeding ground for staphylococci or streptococci.

In the future, when we talk about the flu, we will have in mind streptococcal acute tonsillitis, for he is the most frequent.


conflict of interest


streptococcus task - to penetrate the human body and stay there with something tasty.The task of the immune system - not to miss bugger in the holy of holies, and to expel it with minimal losses.There is inflammation - that is, the local reaction to the introduction of the pathogen.

tonsillitis manifested primarily in their redness (blood flow) and increase (edema).This is the same picture that you can see, his mouth open in front of the mirror and saying to yourself, "Ah-ah-ah-ah-ah-ah-ah."The degree of increase in the tonsils can be different - at a minimum, they even look out of the palatine arches, and at the maximum are chosen in the oral cavity and substantially contact each other.Because of the inflammation of the tonsils, we have the main symptom of angina - pain in the throat when swallowing, and sometimes even impossible to swallow anything, even saliva.

way for angina is not characterized by a runny nose, coughing, or "stranded" voice.These symptoms are more likely to talk about SARS, or allergic diseases.

next line of defense - Regional.When angina is manifested increase in morbidity and angular jaw-lymph nodes.They can be felt in the area of ​​the mandibular angle - rounded education about the size of a pea or hazelnut kernel.

final frontier - organismic.The reaction to the invasion of streptococcus - a high temperature (39 ° C), chills, muscle aches, malaise, weakness, nausea, and other symptoms of intoxication that complete clinical picture of angina.


Three stages


Angina --step process.And if it does not interfere with, she usually goes through all its stages, species.

begins with the catarrhal angina.Reddened and a slight increase in the amygdala, a small rise in temperature, slightly severe pain on swallowing.Rare angina delayed at this stage, moreover, and the patients themselves do not always give due importance to these symptoms.

tonsillitis - the most common form of it.The name is associated with the appearance on the surface of the tonsils points accumulation of pus, called follicles.Here we already have a full comprehensive picture of angina, including high fever and other symptoms are noticeable.

If you do not intervene, the process will go on, and the pus begins to fill in the folds of the tonsils - gaps.Angina enters lacunary stage.

quinsy is extremely rare, and it actually is purulent fusion of the tonsils, the transition inflammation of the surrounding tissue, the temperature to 41 ° C, which is generally poorly compatible with life.


Treatment


treat angina should be a doctor.Self-medication in this case is not only unacceptable, but also dangerous, as later.The diagnosis should always be confirmed by bacteriological studies (swab from the nose and throat).The fact that the same picture can give much more dangerous infections such as diphtheria.

Modern medicine has everything necessary for a successful deliverance of man from angina.The main treatment - antibiotics, which are also matched with the sensitivity of the microflora (another bacteriological analysis).

must be complied with a doctor's prescription and in any case not to reduce their own course of antibiotics.Otherwise, you can grow a vicious and sustained drug monster.


Possible consequences


Now the most important - about what angina really is dangerous, and why doctors are obliged to observe the whole month had been ill with angina, do urine tests, an electrocardiogram to shoot and runother studies.

fact that streptococcus - a very unpleasant visit.They are extremely active, immunogens, and can run in our body a cascade of pathological reactions.The most serious complications - rheumatic fever (with the defeat of the heart and joints) and glomerulonephritis (kidney failure glomerular apparatus).These two diseases are much easier to prevent than to treat.

That's why in any case impossible to stop treatment, return to the previous volume of loads, even if feeling better on the 3-4-th day of illness.Angina - an insidious disease and frivolous attitude toward himself does not forgive.


susceptibility to angina in humans - about 10-15 percent.And most of all young people are at risk (under 30 years).This is due to the age characteristics of the immune system.

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