Children // Childrens establishments

Features of primary school age

During this period, the child is actively developing intelligence.Develops thinking, as a result of restructuring contributes to quality of perception and memory, making them adjustable, arbitrary processes.At this age, the child thinks a particular category.By the end of the period of primary school-age children should be able to self-talk, compare, and analyze, draw conclusions, to be able to distinguish between the general and the particular, identify simple patterns.

During training memory develops in two directions: there is strengthening of the role of semantic and verbal-logical memory.At the beginning of school the child is dominated visually-shaped memory, remember the children due to mechanical repetition, not realizing semantic relationships.And it is in this period is necessary to teach the child to distinguish the task of remembering that something you need to remember accurately and literally, but something quite in general.Thus, the child begins to learn to control his conscious memory a

nd adjust its display (reproduction, storing, recall).

At this time, it is important to motivate the child because of this depends largely on the productivity of memorization.Arbitrary Memory girls better, but because they are able to push yourself.Boys also are more successful in mastering the techniques of memorization.

During training, the student not only receives the information, it is already able to analyze it, that is, the perception is becoming organized as a follow-up.The task of the teacher to organize the activities of students on the perception of different objects, he must learn to identify the important features and properties of objects and phenomena.One of the productive methods of perception in children is a comparison.With this method of perception becomes deeper, and the emergence of error is significantly reduced.

regulate their attention to their willful decision younger student still can not.In contrast to the older student who is able to focus on the difficult, uninteresting work to achieve the desired results in the future, a junior high school student can bring myself to work hard, but if there is a "close" the motivation, for example, in the form of praise or positive mark.Attention is more or less concentrated and sustained only in the moments when the teaching materials are allocated brightness and clarity, thereby causing the child's emotional attitude.The internal position of students also changed.During this period, children appear to claim a certain position in the personal and business relationship class.On the emotional sphere of pupils more influence how relationships are formed with classmates, not only communication with the teacher and academic success.

nature of the child at this age is characterized by the following features: a tendency to act immediately, without weighing all the circumstances, and without thinking, impulsiveness (this is due to the weak-willed regulation of behavior);a general lack of will, as a child of this age can not with the tenacity to overcome all difficulties to achieve the intended purpose.Stubbornness and moodiness usually are the result of education, such behavior - is a kind of protest against the requirements of the school system, against the need to do what is "right" and not what "desirable."As a result, during the period of training at a young age a child should receive the following qualities: thinking in terms of, reflection, arbitrariness;the child must successfully master the curriculum;relationships with friends and teachers should be in the new "adult" level.