Currently there are many types of spirals.The most famous and widespread of intrauterine devices is a small stick T-shaped, made of plastic coated metal.Its contraceptive effect lies in the fact that it does not penetrate the sperm into the uterus by reducing the period of ovulation and prevents the fertilized egg to attach to the uterus.
most important plus in the eyes of the active employment of women - is the duration of protection against pregnancy for three to five years, the period depends on the variety of the spiral.The effect is achieved after a single procedure, which is very convenient.Women age 40 after every coil comprising copper can be in the uterus before menopause.
Navy are also a plus:
The high efficiency of this method of contraception.Pearl Index for gormonsoderzhaschih Navy - 0.1 - 0.2 per hundred women / years, and for modern spirals with copper is 0.4 to 1.5 per hundred women / years.
method is reversible.If desired, the patient IUD removed at any time.Thus wome
method can be used without the consent and participation of the sexual partner
additional manipulation associated with intercourse is not required.
Navy does not affect the overall health and status of women, does not cause worsening of extragenital diseases.
other medicines do not reduce the effectiveness of the Navy.
cost method is low, so the Navy accessible to all social strata of the population.
Cons of using this method - is the need to pass a medical procedure in the antenatal clinic for the production and extraction of the spiral, though a clear advantage - the fact that, ideally, the procedure takes place every three to five years.
IUDs have side effects during administration of the helix may occur bleeding - from three to nine percent of the cases, perforation of the uterus (one per 5,000 IUD) also may damage the cervix.
success of manipulation depends on the skill and experience of the physician, the anatomical features of the patient's reproductive system.
Aching pain or cramping - roughly three months from the start of the use of IUDs.The reason - the error in the selection of a spiral properly delivered Navy (3-4%), increased sensitivity of the uterus.
in 5-15% of cases there is a growing uterine bleeding due to mechanical damage of the endometrium in the contact area with spiral.In the case of an IUD of small size, with the inclusion of copper or hormones in blood loss during menstruation is reduced.
In 2-7% of cases of expulsion occurs, in other words, loss of Navy of the uterus during the first year.In most cases this occurs during menstruation.
not be ruled out that in the context of protection Navy woman becomes pregnant.This usually occurs in situations not identified partial or complete loss of the helix.
in 1.9 - 9.25% of the cases may be an ectopic pregnancy.The copper content of contraceptives reduce the risk.
The 0.4 - 4% of the cases there are inflammatory processes in the genitals.They are often associated with the presence of the sexual partner transmitted diseases (STDs) or acute exacerbation of chronic inflammation.
There are things that can be seen as disadvantages of the method, but in fact they turn obvious advantages.Such moments include the following conditions:
Enter and remove the IUD should only well-trained specialist in a hospital or maternity clinic.
Prior to the application of the method need to be examined in the antenatal clinic, if necessary, a health training.