But her life was not simple and easy.Her biography is still a lot of white spots, but one thing is clear: her fame and popularity - the result of persistent, almost hard labor, iron discipline and indomitable perseverance.
Anna Pavlova was born January 31, 1881 in the vicinity of St. Petersburg in the family of a soldier and a laundress.Her father, Matthew Pavlov died when she was 2 years old.However, there is reason to believe that he met the mother of the future star at the time when she was pregnant with Anna.It was rumored that Paul's real father was a famous philanthropist Lazar Polyakov, who worked in the house of her mother.But to confirm or deny this information is no longer possible.Left alone with his mother, Lubov Polyakova, they began to live in Ligovo near St. Petersburg.
family was very poor, but still occasionally tried to please his mother the daughter of gifts and simple pleasures of childhood.So when she was 8 years old the first time my mother took her to th
Since that day, the future did not present a prima another destiny for themselves, but to their lives to ballet.She persuaded her mother to send her to ballet school.But the girl did not immediately have taken, since she is not yet 10 years old.During the waiting time the dream of becoming a ballerina is not lost, but only strengthened.And after a couple of years, Anna Pavlova taken to the Imperial School of Ballet.
Study in ballet school
discipline in the Imperial Ballet School was similar to the monastery.However, we taught here is excellent, it is here preserved classical Russian ballet technique.
Anna Pavlova did not suffer from the rigid discipline and charter schools, as it was completely immersed in the study and all surrendered classes in choreography and ballet skills.Much more it was frustrating, as it seemed, its imperfection in the physical plane.The fact that at the time were considered the standard of athletic ballerina girl with the powerful development of the skeleton and muscles, as they were easier to perform a variety of complex tricks and pirouettes.And Anna was a thin, slender, graceful, almost "transparent" and therefore is not considered to be a promising student.However, her time teachers considered it that sets it apart from other dancers: plastic and amazing grace, and most importantly - the ability to reinterpret and "revive" the feelings and emotions of the characters, which she sang.Its "air", fragility and lightness of dance filled with extraordinary beauty and mystery.So, its "lack" has turned into an indisputable advantage.
Mariinsky Theatre and the success
In 1899 Anna Pavlova finished ballet school and was immediately admitted to the Mariinsky Theatre.At first, she was content to secondary roles.But gradually, because of its unusual, emotional and inspiring style of dance, the audience began to allocate it among the other artists of the theater.She began to give more and more important role at first she takes the second party, and then moved to the forefront.
In 1902 her dance in "La Bayadere" and captivates the audience and professionals.And in 1903 Papvlova first steps on the stage of the Bolshoi Theater.From that moment, her triumph on the Russian stage.Followed by performances of "The Nutcracker", "Humpbacked Horse", "Raymonda", "Giselle", where Pavlova performed leading roles.
special role in her dance career played the choreographer Michel Fokine.Thanks to their creative union was born into the world a wonderful and unusual dance - setting the music of Saint-Saens 'The Swan'.The idea of a 2-minute performance was born spontaneously, and the dance was a continuous improvisation.But he was so full of touching, dramatic bright and fascinating that captured the hearts of viewers at one point, later known as "The Dying Swan", which later became the crown number and hallmark of Anna Pavlova.
The composer Saint-Saens admitted afterwards that before looked Pavlova dance to his music, had no idea what a beautiful work he composed.
tour and a private company
Since 1909 world tour begins Anna Pavlova.Worldwide popularity and recognition of her performances bring "Russian Seasons" by Sergei Dyageleva in the French capital.However, she craves creative freedom and dreams of creating his own company.And in 1910 she leaves the Mariinsky Theatre and begins touring with her already own ballet.Geography her performances covers almost the entire globe: Europe, America, Asia and the Far East.And wherever she came, the audience greeted her as the brightest star of the world.Pavlov gave several performances a day, putting in performances and dance all of myself, without sparing his health, which since childhood she had and so are not particularly strong.For more than 20 years of constant touring it has been played more than 8000 performances.It is said that for a year she had to wear several thousand pointe.
Anna Pavlova and Victor Dendrite
Life of Anna Pavlova was safely hidden from prying eyes.Ballerina herself said that her family - is the theater and the ballet, so simple joy women, such as a husband and children - not for her.However, although it was not officially for her husband, a man her heart was always with her.
Victor Dendrite - a Russian engineer and entrepreneur with French roots.Their union with Paul's was not easy, then they parted, then re-converge.In 1910, Dendrite arrested and accused of squandering.Anna Pavlova gave huge amounts of money to rescue a loved one.They say that in order to collect the necessary funds for his release, she spared herself and played to exhaustion 9-10 shows a week, touring the world.
Victor served as a dendrite, in modern terms, producer Anna Pavlova.Organizing her tours, press conferences and fotosesssii.They had bought a house in the suburbs of London, with a large pond and, of course, with white swans, where they lived with Anna.
But it Dendrite was stressful and busy schedule of performances and tours of the ballerina trying to squeeze out of it all, sparing neither herself Anna or her health.Perhaps this and played a decisive role in her untimely death.
Anna Pavlova died January 23, 1931 of pneumonia, not having lived a week before his fiftieth birthday.During a tour in the Netherlands on the train, which was traveling with a troupe of Anne, there was failure.Pavlov came out of the car in an easy nightie with sheepskin draped over his shoulders.And after a few days, she became ill with pneumonia.They say that dying her last words were, "Bring me my costume Swan" - even on his deathbed, she kept thinking about the ballet.