Belladonna (aka - belladonna) - herbaceous perennial member of the family Solanaceae.More than other types of plants common two - Caucasian and belladonna belladonna common (very similar in appearance).
The plant grows up to two meters, it has a many-headed root system with a large branching.Thick and juicy stems, leaves dense, brownish-green, alternate, are elongated ovoid shape.The flowers on short stalks, single, drooping, not large, bell-shaped.Calyx has five lobes brownish purple.The fruit is a black, shiny, sweetish taste with lots of berry seeds resembles cherry or cherries.It blooms from the beginning to the end of the summer, the fruits of the plants ripen in July.
Krasavka ordinary common in Western Europe, in the Crimea, Moldova and Ukraine.Caucasian belladonna grows in Stavropol and Krasnodar Territory, in various parts of Iran and the Caucasus.Another type of belladonna, wherein yellow flowers, it grows in the tropical zone.
on plantations in the Krasnodar region is cul
chemical components of the plant.
As part of belladonna alkaloids are active principle tropane series.Among them is the main hyoscyamine, which result in separation of the feedstock is converted partly atropine.
belladonna is also contained in a number of other biologically active substances: apoatropin, its isomer - belladonin, scopolamine, an isomer - hyoscine, and others.These alkaloids are found in all parts of the plant, but the maximum of their content - in the leaves and roots.As raw materials for drugs mainly used the leaves of belladonna.Poisonous are all parts of the plant.
Useful properties of plants.
preparations, which include the plant belladonna, are able to reduce secretions of various glands: lacrimal, stomach, sweat, saliva, bronchial and digestive secretions of the pancreas.They reduce the spasmodic state of smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract, gallbladder and biliary tract.
effect on the heart may completely different: a positive (increasing the conductivity of the ventricles of the heart to the heart pulses of the atrium) and negative (palpitations).
ability belladonna maximize pupils with instillation has found application in medicine for examination of the fundus.This increases the intraocular pressure and disrupts the outflow of intraocular fluid.
Negative properties of belladonna.
This plant is easily poisoned.Dryness and burning in the mouth and throat, hoarseness, discomfort when swallowing and pronouncing sounds, dilated pupils not reacting to light, one begins to see bad close, palpitations, All these things - signs of poisoning.
appears shortness of breath, fever, skin become cyanotic color, swelling of the face, in the shins and forearms.There are different kinds of hallucinations (characteristic features: color, bright, colored red (rat hell) and delirium (misperception of the situation, the events surrounding the behavior). When a severe poisoning is a violation of consciousness, arousal goes into convulsions. Without timely deliveryassistance to such a person, he will die of heart failure and breathing.
Rinse the affected stomach and give a few tablets of activated charcoal - the first thing that should be done with belladonna poisoning. Without medical intervention to cope with such poisoning is difficult, so it is imperative to call an ambulance.
Application of belladonna in medicine.
The pharmacy you can buy some drugs, which include belladonna: it is an extract of belladonna thick, tincture of belladonna, belladonna extract and dry. Their use is mainly associated with inflammatory properties: in ulcerduodenal ulcer and stomach, gallstones, asthma, renal colic, and a number of other diseases that are accompanied by spasms of muscles of internal organs.
diagnostic purposes belladonna drugs used to study the fundus to bury (the pupil at the same time expands and becomes more visible fundus).
Medications with belladonna have contraindications with increasing prostate gland, increased intraocular pressure (glaucoma), and serious violations of the cardiovascular system and a number of other diseases.Individual intolerance, too, is a contraindication to use.
during the period of treatment with belladonna should avoid driving and sports activities that require good vision and high concentration.
Belladonna - dangerous poisonous weeds.It can only be applied in the composition of medicines, which have been acquired in the pharmacy.